Safeguarding reforms in the Church and (we hope) elsewhere aim to create an environment hostile to abusers and very difficult to gain access to potential victims. Even the best protective systems fail, and sadly few settings provide stringent safety measures at all.
So, reform needs to include awareness on how to care for a minor or young adult (or vulnerable adult) in the event abuse occurs – and how to do so to minimize radically the lifelong impact of unrecognized and repeated abuse.
Here’s a thorough report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration which provides information on how systems of care and trauma-informed services can improve the lives of youth who have experienced traumatic events. It includes findings from a national evaluation of these programs and describes common treatment approaches.